Monday, June 10, 2019

A STEM Project - Making an Axle for a Gear Assembly

Making an Axle for a Gear Assembly

In this project, you will make an axle in six different shapes to determine which axle is the strongest and most functional.  The axle shapes are a triangle, square, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon and an octagon. The axle must fit inside a .5 inch circle. In order to get the correct measurements, you need to circumscribe the shape inside of a .5 inch circle.

The side length calculations are in the PDF below.

(When cutting out 110 lb card stock, I discovered that you need to cut the design with two passes.)

Here is the PDF.  I used 65 lb card stock for the gears and 110 lb. card stock for the base.

Here is the .Studio file.

Glue all of the axles into a tube and glue them to the round axle bases.

Glue the corresponding gear pieces together.  Make sure that the interior axle shape is exactly the same when sandwiched together.  I used different color paper to differentiate the types of axles.

Thread the axle assembly through the base. Bottom of the base shown above.

Thread the corresponding gear onto the axle.

Starting with the triangular axle, try to move all of the gears.  Continue with the square shaped axleand so on.  I determined that the triangular axle was the easiest to turn because it was a studier structure.  The other axles bent as I held them.  I then thought that I could make an even stronger axle by making an internal structure for the square gear.

Fold and apply glue as shown above. 

Apply more glue as shown.

Bend into the improved axle with internal structure.

The improved axle design is very sturdy.  I can think of other internal structures for the other shapes.  Maybe you can too. See if you can design an internal structure. I have already many of the calculations for you in the PDF.

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