Sunday, July 21, 2019

A Purse Favor for a Shower Party

Purse Favor

I made this purse favor for my daughter's wedding shower a couple of years ago.  I got caught up in the whirlwind of the wedding and I just realized that I forgot to post it.

Here is the PDF. I used a pretty metallic cardstock and metallic ribbon.

Here is the .Studio file.

The purse is easy to make by creasing the folds and gluing the bottom and side tabs.  Each handle is folded and glued together.  The tabs are inserted into the top of the purse in the slit. I added a heart charm with an initial which was hung with a gold metallic thread. When tying the bow, hold the purse upside down to get a perfect bow.

  Cut two 10 inch pieces of ribbon.

 Glue the ribbon to the inside of the purse as shown I the photos above and below.

 Four Hershey Kisses fit nicely on the bottom of the purse.

Completed purse.  

Monday, July 8, 2019

A STEM Project: Making a Planetary Model which Revolves Around the Sun

Planetary Model with a Sun and Planet that Rotates

Video of Planetary Model in Action

This planetary model uses the skills learned in the previous project, of making a square box and combines it with how a gear operates.  I purchased my tea light at Dollar Tree.  I went back a few weeks later and they did not have the tea light that I purchased in stock  They did have a different type of tea light but the height is different.  I am including the file for the height of my tea light.  With the skills you learned in the previous post, you should be able to modify the box height.

Here is the PDF.  I used 110 lb. cardstock.

Here is the .Studio file.

 There are three circles with slits.  The largest circle is in the middle flanked by the two smaller circles on either side.  Slide the semicircular pieces on the three circles.  Repeat until all the semicircles are attached and look like the figure below.
Bend the axle into a tube and glue. Repeat for the second axle.

 Thread the axle though the top gear (axle with an extra hole) and glue the tabs down. Thread the axle for the bottom gear (axle without an extra hole) and glue the tabs down.

Glue the ring to the carrier.

 Make the brad by gluing the four small circles together. Make sure they are aligned correctly.

 Apply glue to the center of the head and adhere the four small circles. 

Wait for the glue to dry before attaching the brad.

Make the planets by bending the circles in half.  Glue three of the circles together and repeat. Glue the two semicircle together.

Completed Planet 

 Thread the brad through the small circle in the top gear.

Thread the small planet gear onto the brad.

Using just a drop of glue, adhere the top circle to the brad.  Make sure that the planet gear rotates freely. 

Glue the two main gears together

The main gear should look like the above photo.

Make the top of the box by gluing into a square.

 Apply glue to the inner tab of the box. Adhere one of the square pieces with a hole in the center to the middle of the box form.

Turn the box top over. Glue the other square piece to the top of the box. Repeat the above instructions for the box bottom.

Using Glue Dots, place a dot in each of the four corners as shown above.

Apply two strips (blue glue) of a glue runner as shown in the above photo. Thread the bottom axle through the box top and adhere the assembly on the box top.

Apply glue to the head of the brad and adhere the planet.

Apply glue to the rim of the top axle and adhere the sun.

Thread the tea light through the axle and close the box by attaching it to the box bottom..

Completed Planetary Model.

Wednesday, July 3, 2019

A STEM Project: Exploring How to Make a Square Box and a Colonial House Box

 House Box
Two cube boxes and a House Box

Last September, I made 25 houses in 25 days.  Phew, what an accomplishment.  I don't want to recreate making more houses.  What I would like to do is explain how to make a simple square box and expand your knowledge to allow you to make different types of boxes.  The concept of making a box is pretty easy.  The first thing you need to realize is how a box is made.  A simple box has two parts, a top and a bottom.  Each piece of the box is identical except the top of the box is a little larger so that it can slide easily onto the bottom of the box.

To create a simple cube box, all the side lengths will be the same. Make a square with the drawing tools, make sure to hold down the shift key to make it square. Make a copy of the box by using the Edit/Copy function.  Replicate the box in all four cardinal directions.

It should look like the above figure.

The boxes have overlapping lines at this point.  I want just the outer edge of the figure.  I use the offset window to offset the image a little bigger and then a little smaller. I do an offset of .01 with a right angle corner.  I selected the image created and then do an internal offset of .01.  Center to page this figure.  Paste a copy of the original square onto the page.  Change the straight lines to a dotted one. Center to page this square.  
The image should now look like this.

The only thing that is left to do is to make tabs for the box. The tabs are needed so that the corners of the box have a space to be glued to.  I like to make my tabs from .25 to .5 inches wide depending on how big the box will be.  

In the point editing mode, break the path for all of the red points above. The points will turn from gray to red when the points are released in the Object/Release Compound Path mode.  This will allow you to change the solid lines to dotted ones.

The image should now look like the above figure.  The box needs tabs.

Paste a copy of the original box.  In the Transform scale window, resize the box so that the width is .25 inches and apply the change.  The rectangular box needs to be open ended.  There are a number of ways to do this. Here is just one way. Double click the rectangular box, click on the bottom left point. Break the path. Pull the red dot away from the figure and then delete the red dot that is being pulled away from the figure.

Notice the red dot that is being pulled away. This is the dot that needs to be deleted. An image that looks like a bracket is created. Move this bracket to the side of the cross on the bottom right.

You might have to zoom in to see that the tab is aligned correctly.  Mirror this tab in the Replicate window to the left. Repeat for the upper cube. When completed, group the image in the Object menu so that it does not get distorted in any way.

The box template should look like the above figure. This can be the bottom or the top depending on what you choose. I chose to make it the bottom.  Duplicate the box template and drag one of the corners of the bounding box so that the entire image is bigger by approximately .2 inches. This amount is arbitrary depending on the thickness of your paper.  I recommend using scrap paper to test whether the tolerance is good enough to allow the box to be easily pulled apart but not too loose that it slips out without any resistance.

In the file you will find, a copy of the above box.  Try it out and see if you understand its construction.  I also added a different height box top to the file.   Make a copy of the the original box top and alter the height.  Each of the four sides need to be shortened.  How do you do that?  Ungroup the figure and select the top square with the two tabs. 

 In the bounding box, there are small squares, select the top square in the middle of the figure (below the green dot).  Drag the box down and you will see the height decrease.  Please note, zooming in will allow you to get very precise measurements. Repeat this process for the other three sides. A box top with shorter sides is now created.

Think about how you would make a rectangular box.  You can not just drag the image in the center of the bounding box to make it wider because the opposite sides would remain unchanged. In order to make a rectangular box, each side measure must be calculated.

Here is the PDF.  I used 65 lb. cardstock.

Here is the .Studio file.

Next, cut out the house box that I made.  Do you notice the similarities and differences in the make up of this box compared with the one you made?  In the house box top, I used just one tab and I placed all of the sides together.  In the house bottom, I made it similar to the square box that you constructed. There are many configurations of the sides that will accomplish the same result.  The next time you open a box, check out its construction. It is fascinating to see all of the different ways things can be constructed.

 Box bottom on the left and House Box Top on the right.

Completed House Box

Monday, July 1, 2019

A STEM Project: Leonardo Da Vinci's Articulated Vitruvian Man and his Flying Sphere

Leonardo DaVinci's Flying Sphere and Articulated Vitruvian Man

Leonardo DaVinci's Vitruvian Man was a man drawn in pen and ink with ideal proportions inscribed inside a circle and a square. The drawing is a juxtaposition of art and mathematics.  Leonardo was using art to explain math. He drew a man with the navel as the center of the being.

Here are my working models. As you can see, the man is perfectly proportioned in both the circle and the square.  

Using the Vitruvian Man, I made a jointed front view and side view of this man. I am planning to use this articulated man in future models that require movement such as puppets and working models.

 I used paper fasteners to connect the parts

Front view and side view of Articulated Vitruvian Man

Leonardo DaVinci was also an inventor.  He described in his writings, a flying sphere.  I recreated this invention by putting Vitruvian Man inside this sphere.

 Glue the two horizontal pieces together to give strength to the piece.
 Crease the four vertical pieces at a right angle as shown
 Slide the vertical pieces into the slots on the side of the horizontal piece to create a right angle. Repeat for the other sides. Apply glue in the interior of the vertical pieces to give strength to the model.
Completed Flying Sphere 

Here is the PDF.  I used 65lb cardstock.

Here is the .Studio file.